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Global warming turns tundra to forest

Global warming turns tundra to forest

In just a few decades shrubs in the Arctic tundra have turned into trees as a result of the warming Arctic climate, creating patches of forest which, if replicated across the tundra, would significantly accelerate global warming.

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Seagrasses can store as much carbon as forests

Seagrasses are a vital part of the solution to climate change and, per unit area, seagrass meadows can store up to twice as much carbon as the world’s temperate and tropical forests.

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Atmospheric warming altering ocean salinity and the water cycle

A clear change in salinity has been detected in the world’s oceans, signaling shifts and acceleration in the global rainfall and evaporation cycle tied directly to climate change.

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Oceans acidifying faster today than in past 300 million years

Anthropogenic CO2 emissions, in addition to causing global warming, alter the chemistry of seas and oceans, causing them to turn progressively acidic. This change has severe effects on marine organisms and ecosystems.

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The effects of climate change in the Arctic

Two decades after the United Nations established the Framework Convention on Climate Change in order to “prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”, the Arctic shows the first signs of a dangerous climate change.

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The biodiversity crisis: Worse than climate change

Biodiversity is declining rapidly throughout the world. The challenges of conserving the world’s species are perhaps even larger than mitigating the negative effects of global climate change.

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Climate balancing: sea-level rise vs. surface temperature change rates

Engineering our way out of global climate warming may not be as easy as simply reducing the incoming solar energy, according to a team of University of Bristol and Penn State climate scientists.

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Europe’s birds and climate change

For the past 20 years, the climate in Europe has been getting warmer.

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The new ice age could start in the next millennium

Research shows that a new ice age could well have been upon us in the next millennium were it not for increases in CO2 due to humans, despite the advantageous trend in solar radiation of our current age.

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Low carbon future for cities

Investing 2% of a modern city’s GDP in low carbon and energy efficient opportunities for ten years would reduce that city’s carbon emission levels by 40% at no net cost.

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